- (1893-1946)racial ideologue; served in the 1920s as theorist for the NSDAP. Born of Balto-German lineage in the Estonian town of Reval, he studied architecture and engineering in Moscow before fleeing revolutionary Russia in 1918. He moved to Munich, where his radical anticom-munism and anti-Semitism* led him to the Thule Society.* Befriended by Die-trich Eckart,* he wrote several racist articles for Eckart s Aufgut Deutsch and through Eckart was introduced to both the German Workers Party (precursor of the NSDAP) and Hitler.* Hitler was impressed by his abstruse intolerance of Jews,* Bolshevism, and Christianity and by his views on Lebensraum ("living space ). Rosenberg joined the NSDAP, and his ideas appeared in Hitler s speeches and the Party program.The Volkischer Beobachter* provided Rosenberg's principal outlet. In Feb-ruary 1923 he replaced Eckart as the paper s editor, a position he retained until 1938. Max Amann,* the paper s publisher, deemed Rosenberg an arrogant "buf-foon" and a "stuck-up crackpot ninny." Since this image of him was common, he remained an outsider among the Nazis. Nevertheless, when Hitler was im-prisoned after the Beerhall Putsch,* he earmarked Rosenberg to lead the NSDAP until his release. Assisted by Julius Streicher* and Hermann Esser, Rosenberg founded a successor group known as the Grossdeutsche Volksgemeinschaft (the NSDAP being temporarily banned). Although his pedantic bearing alienated colleagues and was ill suited for sustaining the fragmented Nazis, he kept his standing after Hitler's release. In 1929 he formed the Kampfbund fur deutsche Kultur (Combat League for German Culture); in 1930 he launched the journal Nationalsozialistische Monatshefte and published his Mythus des 20. Jahrhun-derts (Myth of the twentieth century). Mythus, his best-known work, was an anti-Semitic and anti-Christian diatribe. Embarrassed by its pagan innuendos, Hitler refused to give Mythus the NSDAP's official endorsement. Nonetheless, it became a best-seller.Rosenberg entered the Reichstag* in 1930, but retained only theoretical im-portance after 1932. Hitler s concordat with the Catholic* Church, coupled with his decision to appoint someone other than Rosenberg to the Foreign Office, underscored his eclipse. Nevertheless, he led the negligible NSDAP Foreign Affairs Department and established his Institute for the Investigation of the Jew-ish Question. Hitler restored his prominence in 1941 by appointing him Reichs-minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories; however, the brutalities carried out under his supervision prompted his conviction for war crimes. The Nurem-berg court hanged him in October 1946.REFERENCES:Cecil, Myth of the Master Race; Fest, Face of the Third Reich; Nova, Alfred Rosenberg; Stachura, Political Leaders; Viereck, Metapolitics; Whisker, Philos-ophy ofAlfred Rosenberg.
A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. C. Paul Vincent.
Look at other dictionaries:
ROSENBERG, ALFRED° — (1893–1946), chief Nazi ideologist and head of the Nazi party s foreign policy department. Rosenberg was born in Reval (Tallin), Estonia. There is some doubt about the family s German origin though their name is German. Rosenberg studied… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Rosenberg, Alfred — (1893–1946) Born in Estonia, Rosenberg was an early mentor of Adolf Hitler and became the foremost racial philosopher of the Third Reich as well as the head of the Nazi Party’s Foreign Affairs Department. The son of an Estonian mother and a… … Historical dictionary of the Holocaust
Rosenberg, Alfred — born Jan. 12, 1893, Reval, Estonia died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg, Ger. German Nazi ideologue. As editor of the Nazi Party newspaper from 1921, he drew on the ideas of the English racist Houston Stewart Chamberlain for his books espousing German… … Universalium
Rosenberg, Alfred — 1893–1946 Rosenberg was born into one of the overseas German communities at Reval in Tsarist Russia, and trained as an architect in Moscow before the revolution. On its outbreak he made his way to Germany, filled with violent anti Bolshevik… … Who’s Who in World War Two
Rosenberg,Alfred — Ro·sen·berg (rōʹzĭn bûrg , bĕrg , bĕrk ), Alfred. 1893 1946. German political leader who expounded Nazi doctrine in The Myth of the 20th Century (1930). He was executed as a war criminal. * * * … Universalium
Rosenberg, Alfred — ► (1893 1946) Político alemán, uno de los fundadores del Partido Nacionalsocialista y su más importante teorizador. Miembro del Partido Obrero alemán en 1919, redactor jefe del órgano del mismo, participó en el putsch de Munich (1923). Consejero… … Enciclopedia Universal
Alfred Ernst Rosenberg — Alfred Rosenberg (Januar 1941), Aufnahme aus dem Bundesarchiv Alfred Ernst Rosenberg (* 12. Januar 1893 in Reval, damals ein Teil von Russland, heute Tallinn, Estland; † 16. Oktober 1946 in … Deutsch Wikipedia
Alfred Eduard Frauenfeld — (* 18. Mai 1898 in Wien, Österreich Ungarn; † 10. Mai 1977 in Hamburg) war ein nationalsozialistischer Politiker, Gauleiter der NSDAP in Wien und später Generalkommissar des Generalbezirks Krim (Teilbezirk Taurien) im Reichskommissariat Ukraine.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rosenberg — Rosenberg, Alfred * * * (as used in expressions) Lev Samuilovich Rosenberg Rosenberg, Alfred Rosenberg, Ethel y Julius … Enciclopedia Universal
ROSENBERG (A.) — ROSENBERG ALFRED (1893 1946) Théoricien nazi et homme politique allemand, né en Estonie, Rosenberg appartient à la communauté allemande des pays baltes. En 1917, il se rend en Allemagne où, par l’intermédiaire de Dietrich Eckart, il fait la… … Encyclopédie Universelle